The average age of menopause is 51 years after menopausal women find that their bodies have changed.
The ovaries stop producing the female hormone estrogen, and their levels begin to decline.
One of the first signs of reduced estrogen content in the vagina is reduced lubrication during sexual activity.
Without estrogen production, the skin and tissues supporting the lips (vulva) and vagina become thinner and less elastic, and the vagina may dry out.
Like any part of your body, the vagina is aging, which can lead to physical and emotional sexual problems.
Occurs when the vaginal tissues become thinner, less flexible, less lubricated and inflamed as a result of reduced estrogen levels.
The pelvic floor muscles often weaken over time, which can also lead to urinary incontinence.
Because it is slightly acid, it protects the vagina from bacterial and urinary tract infections.
Vaginal swab samples also provide cellular material useful for measuring sex hormone metabolism, and in particular estrogen bioactivity in vaginal epithelium.
The vaginal epithelium is a cell layer lining the vagina and is physiologically important for sexual function and an indicator of the overall integrity of the female urogenital tract, including the supporting structures of the bladder, urethra, vagina, vulva and pelvic floor.
Documentation of the cytological features of the vagina in older women, especially regarding sexual function, is not yet available.
Reasons for testing (biological analysis) carried out on nshap vaginal swabs, including bv, vc or yeast, human papillomavirus and vaginal cell characterization (cytology).
BV is a common bacterial disease of the vagina, which is accompanied by a decrease in vaginal acidity (pH) and a change in the normal bacteria that colonize the vagina.
Although they are often asymptomatic, symptoms include thin fishy vaginal discharge which may worsen after intercourse.
The shower can cause infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
The presence or overgrowth of yeast, bacteria or viruses may cause a vaginal infection.
Vaginal infection can occur when the normal balance of organisms in the vagina changes.
Estrogen helps maintain a thick and flexible vaginal mucosa and promotes the growth of lactic bacteria.
The natural acidity of the vagina prevents the yeast and other microorganisms from slipping away.
Vaginal infections can occur if the natural balance of bacteria normally found in the vagina is disturbed.
If more estrogen and more blood flow into the vagina, the vulva may be swollen.
The skin color of the vulva and vaginal opening may darken.
Hormonal changes can also change the balance of yeast and bacteria in the vagina.
Some women may develop varicose veins in the vagina, vulva and anus during pregnancy (these are usually hemorrhoids).
Moisturizing the vagina and vulva help increase vaginal and vulva moisture and improve tissue quality.
Moisturizing the vagina and vulva can be used at any time, not just before or during sexual activity.
You should use moisturizing your vagina and vulva several times a week to maintain overall vaginal health and comfort.
It seems that wetting your vagina has become a well-known trend, but it doesn’t have a positive effect on your vagina’s health and can damage it.
Hot steam can burn sensitive genital skin, upset the balance of vaginal flora and not affect hormones.
Using fragrant products on the vulva and vagina can cause irritation and allergies.
Differential diagnosis includes other conditions that cause chronic itching, discharge or pain (e.g., vaginal infections, irritants, and vulvovaginal dermatoses).
The three most common vaginal infections are Candida vulvovaginitis, bacterial vaginitis and trichomoniasis.
Irritants that can cause chronic vaginal itching include perfumes, topical moisturizers or moisturizers, and soaps.
Symptoms are similar and should be distinguished from thinning of the vaginal epithelium (atrophy) associated with loss of estrogen in postmenopausal women.
Yeast vaginosis can be sexually transmitted or associated with sexual activity, but it often occurs in women who are not sexually active.
Risk factors for older women include diabetes, immunosuppression and the use of antibiotics, estrogen and vaginal rings (vaginal instruments to treat pelvic prolapse) (Sobel et al., 1998).
Human papillomavirus (HPV), often a sexually transmitted viral infection of the rectal tract, is an important factor in genital dysplasia (precancerous tissue). High risk types occur in almost all cases of cervical cancer.
In a recent study comparing treatment with estradiol 25 mg, estradiol 10 mg and placebo, Bachmann et al.
The interest in vaginal estriol products is high due to the inverse relationship with the risk of breast cancer at the population level.
Studies have shown that estriol improves VVA symptoms and reduces the frequency of urinary tract infections.
Increased vaginal discharge may be due to normal changes in the menstrual cycle, vaginal infection or cancer (rare).
If you have more vaginal discharge than usual, you may need to contact your doctor.
If a woman has an outflow and itches or smokes near the vagina, she may have vaginitis.